School of Humanities | Sgoil nan Daonnachdan. Francis Hutcheson (1694-1746) studied there and his lectures, after he was appointed Professor of Moral Philosophy in 1729, provided a moral critique of slavery, which inspired abolitionists on a global scale. The common entrance to a subsequent tenemental development formed part of the modern entry to Buchanan Street at Argyle Street. Great Britain’s economic development was built on trade with her colonies and this is dramatically portrayed in the Chambers’ architecture. In the 19th century, Glasgow’s connection to slavery was obscured. The Oswalds came from Caithness and assumed a prominent position in Glasgow society based on trade in tobacco, sugar and wine. Stay up to date and join our mailing list Join Now >, Portland House, 17 Renfield Street, Glasgow, G2 5AH. Maiyah Gamble-Rivers trudged through the snow one recent afternoon to get to a highlight on the Slavery & Legacy walking tour at Brown University. The West George Street chapel sat just south of the modern Queen Street railway station. Speirs began his career in Virginia as a plantation owner and returned to Glasgow in the 1750s, already a rich man. The first tenement in the area was built in 1774. When Glassford died in his mansion he was more than £50,000 in debt, ruined by his losses in America. Sign of the times: Glasgow’s slavery profits in the spotlight. He later sold some of the land around his property. 98 Ingram Street, now the Ramshorn Theatre, is an early example of the Gothic architectural revival. They founded an Academy of Fine Arts in Glasgow, based on a large collection of paintings acquired on their European book selling tours. Frederick Douglass (1818-95) was an African American who, after escaping from slavery in Maryland in 1838, became a leading campaigner in the Foreign and American Anti-Slavery Society. He became a Vice Director of The Glasgow Emancipation Society, which focused its attentions on America. The Cunninghame Mansion, now at the core of the Gallery of Modern Art, in Royal Exchange Square, was built for William Cunninghame of Lainshaw (d.1789), one of Glasgow’s most prominent eighteenth century merchants. Without slavery, Glasgow wouldn't exist. Constructed at a cost of £10,000 for the Congregational Church and capable of holding 1,600 people, its first pastor was the Rev. Many merchants were buried there. He spent £10,000, a huge sum, on his townhouse. However, complete abolition of slavery did not come until 1833. Lord Provost Ewing laid the foundation stone in 1834. Most Scottish slavers were based in Jamaica; about a third of the country’s white population were Scottish, and to this day there are several Scottish place names in Jamaica: Glasgow, Dundee, Aberdeen, and two Culloden’s! Over half a million people signed the welcoming address to her lecture tour of Great Britain. These rooms, which included a hotel, coffee room and assembly hall, became the social and commercial headquarters of Glasgow at a time when this area was fashionable and affluent. Contact us Other notables buried here include Robert (1707- 76) and Andrew Foulis (1712-75), Glasgow’s leading booksellers, printers and publishers in the age of the Enlightenment, producing 586 editions between 1774-75. Local academic Stephen Mullen has been uncovering some of these darker aspects by hosting a series of Sunday walking tours around Glasgow during October for Black History Month. Not all Scots supported slavery though. Michael Morris: Confronting Scotland's legacy of slavery. This week Scottish Refugee Council is hosting its first-ever event at which refugees and asylum…. Ms Njenga said: "Glasgow used to be 13 streets but because of the wealth of the slave traders it expanded. He proposed the idea for The Necropolis in 1828, and The Merchants House took control of the project. The building was restored as offices by Glasgow Building Preservation Trust in 1995. A square of three-storey townhouses, described as ‘perfect examples of elegance and splendour’, was laid out around the Church in 1787 ‘for the use and resort of merchants and others’. Jamaica was Glasgow’s premier sugar producing centre. It raised some funds from slave … By contrast Glasgow’s position as a leading abolitionist city is symbolised by the statue of James Oswald (1785-1853) in George Square. This five-storey, crow-stepped gabled, building was owned by Robert McNair (1703-79) and his wife, Jean Holmes (b 1703) who were prominent shopkeepers in eighteenth century Glasgow. They included John Glassford (1715-83) and George Bogle of Daldowie (1700-84). Ewing junior assumed control in 1814. GLASGOW.- Glasgow Life, the charity that manages the city’s museums and collections, has appointed Miles Greenwood as its first Curator focussing on the legacies of slavery and empire, to continue to tell the story of the impact the transatlantic trade in enslaved Africans and the British Empire has had on Glasgow. Slavery shaped modern Britain and we live with the memory of slavery today. He was involved in other industries such as Pollokshaws printing and the Glasgow tanworks. Much of Glasgow's grandest architecture was created off the back of slavery. Contact us We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. It is a counterpart to the National Memorial to Peace and Justice, which […] To view the Slavery & Legacy Walking Tour website, please click here. 454 likes. ALL 12 of the statues of scientists, soldiers, writers, politicians and royals in George Square in Glasgow have a variety of connections to slavery and abolition. It was not an area for Glasgow citizens of a lower social scale. The Merchants House is an impressive monument to Glasgow’s global trading. Buchanan Street, laid out in 1780, was named in 1756 after Andrew Buchanan (1725-83), another of his sons. Alexander Speirs of Elderslie (1714-1782), sometimes called ‘the mercantile god of Glasgow’, married Mary Buchanan in 1755. Virginia Street and ‘The Virginia Mansion’, which was situated on the site of the modern-day Corinthian in Ingram Street, were a testament to the wealth and influence of successive generations of the same Glasgow merchant family. Beecher Stowe (1811-96) was an American abolitionist and novelist, whose novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, sold over 300,000 copies in the USA in the first year after it was published in 1852. The tour took us to the original sight of The Old College in Glasgow, which was singled out for praise by the leaders of the abolitionist movement for its campaigning role. A side which is deeply rooted in its past, buried under years of commercial development and regeneration – Glasgow’s role in the slave trade. The Glasgow Anti-Slavery Society was formed in 1822 and the city was known as one of the staunchest abolitionist cities in Britain. Cunninghame purchased three plots in what is now Queen Street but was then Cow Loan, a country track. Theatrical walking tour to explore the legacy of Glasgow’s radical women. ... A NEW dramatic tour through Glasgow’s streets is set to remember the lives of the city’s radical women leaders. Ralph Wardlaw (1779-1853), one of the founders of the Glasgow Anti-Slavery Society in 1823. Theatrical walking tour to explore the legacy of Glasgow’s radical women. for Glasgow. It was here that the early merchants The Slavery, Abolition and the University of Glasgow report was co-authored by Prof Simon Newman and Dr Stephen Mullen, and examined the … Andrew Buchanan purchased the land now known as Buchanan Street in 1760, and lived there for a number of years. Glasgow Anti-Slavery Group. The tour tries to use the statues to demonstrate that it’s not just a question of individual slave-traders, but that slavery and abolition are woven through George Square’s public memory of commerce, politics, science, militarism, industrialisation, academia and literature. It is therefore no surprise that the street was given this name by West Indian merchants in Glasgow. The memorial – a … Andrew Buchanan (1690- 1759) and his two younger brothers had, by 1730, established a firm, Andrew Buchanan, Bros & Co, which was the largest tobacco importer in Glasgow. Oswald, who came from a merchant family which had been deeply involved in the tobacco and sugar trades since the 1730s, served as a Glasgow MP from the time of the 1832 Reform Act. The tour then led us to the Gallery of Modern Art (GoMA) and St Andrews in the Square Church revealing a past that I never knew about. Black people are central to the story of Britain's cities because their work helped fund buildings, institutions, culture and history here. In June 1788, the University presented one of the first anti-slavery petitions from the West of Scotland. 0:11 Skip to 0 minutes and 11 seconds PEGGY BRUNACHE: For over 300 years, British people were involved in the trans-Atlantic slave trade and slavery in the Caribbean and Americas. David Livingstone (1813-73) attended his lectures on slavery and he hosted various abolitionists in Glasgow such as William Lloyd Garrison (1805-79) and Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811-96). This tour of Glasgow’s City Centre and Merchant City tells a story of the built heritage, the tobacco merchants’ legacy and the Slave Trade and its abolition. British ships made over 11,000 journeys that we know of, forcibly transporting almost three million men, women, and children to slavery. In Glasgow’s ‘golden age of tobacco’, it was central to the development of the city’s commerce across the world. Glasgow Cathedral, also known as ‘St Mungo’s’ or ‘The High Church’ is the oldest church in Glasgow and has various memorials to tobacco and sugar merchants, despite the fact that both trades were built largely on slave labour. A variety of merchants built townhouses there. A variety of prominent merchants were buried there, including two Tobacco Lords, John Glassford (1715-83) and Andrew Buchanan (1690-1759), one of the founders of The Ship Bank, Glasgow’s first bank. From there, cargoes would go to English and European markets, particularly France. Walking Tours in Scotland is a small, unique walking tour company built by locals. She appeared in Glasgow as a guest of the Glasgow Female New Association for the Abolition of Slavery. It was behind the deepening of the River Clyde to allow large shipping vessels to dock and it helped recruit troops in the American War of Independence to protect the tobacco trade. On the topmost triangle on the main façade a statue of Queen Victoria is flanked by native peoples bringing gifts from the Empire. The Virginia Galleries, in Virginia Street, sat at the centre of what was once the commercial heart of Glasgow. 454 likes. For more information on the other walks, please visit https://www.gla.ac.uk/research/az/unesco/events/. This history includes the enslavement of African-Americans, racial lynchings, segregation, and racial bias. Via BBC Two The famous Tontine heads were located above ten arches on the Tontine, and survive to this day (in the garden at Provand’s Lordship). The Glasgow Anti-Slavery Society was formed in 1822 and the city was known as one of the staunchest abolitionist cities in Britain. With the continued spread of novel coronavirus (COVID-19) in the United States, the Center for the Study of Slavery and Justice — in alignment with University policy — will suspend all programs and tours effective Wednesday, March 11th. As slavery was abolished, the British government decided that each slave owner (and there were tens of thousands up and down the country) was entitled to a … Slavery Act Disclosure ... Johnston & Company (Laphroaig) Ltd, Springburn Bond, Carlisle St, Glasgow G21 1EQ, registered in the United Kingdom, registration number SC028072. Slavery in Great Britain existed prior to the Roman occupation and until the 12th century, when chattel slavery disappeared, at least for a time, following the Norman Conquest.Former indigenous slaves merged into the larger body of serfs in Britain and no longer were recognised separately in law or custom. Glasgow's slavery links revealed by interactive walking tour, September 2020, News, Architecture and the built environment is an integral part of our society and we hope to provide a useful platform for debate, information and inspiration. As a consequence there are few objects that directly relate to slavery … in Glasgow had their commercial headquarters. Laphroaig® Single Malt Whisky, 43% alc./vol. In the 19th century, Glasgow’s connection to slavery was obscured. The University of Glasgow is a registered Scottish charity: Registration Number SC004401. A later guest of the same society was the Rev. 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